**EAMCET Syllabus 2013** was published by the APSCHE for the entrance examination for admission to various undergraduate courses at universities in the examination for the academic year 2013.

Applicants are encouraged to prepare for the examination in accordance with the notification **EAMCET 2013 Syllabus**, which is as follows:

**EAMCET 2013** Syllabus of Physics:

I. MEASUREMENT UNITS AND DIMENSIONS: Introduction-units and dimensions, accuracy, precision measuring instruments, constant errors, systematic errors, the errors of the environment (errors due to external causes). Error due to imperfection, Random errors, gross errors, absolute errors mean, absolute errors, errors, errors relative percentage errors due to the addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, powers observed quantities, large numbers, fundamental and derived physical quantities / System of Units, definition of SI units, Rules for writing SI units, the SI derived units, multiples and submultiples of SI, formulas and equations dimensional dimensional dimensional constants and dimensionless quantities.

Principle of homogeneity of dimensions, a conversion unit to another, to verify the correctness of an equation to calculate the relationship between the various physical quantities.

II. ELEMENTS OF VECTORS: Classification of physical quantities, geometrical representation of vectors, addition of vectors, equality of vectors, laws of vector addition, subtraction of vectors, Resolution of a vector into components, null vector, unit vector Cartesian coordinate system, position vector and its magnitude parallelogram law of addition of vectors, Derivation of expression for the magnitude and direction of the resultant vector, specific cases, Triangle law and polygon law of vectors the law of vector addition triangle, polygon law of vector addition, the concept of speed, the application by the relative movement of a boat in a river, the movement of a boat on a river shorter the path, the shortest time, the multiplication of a vector by a scalar product of two vectors, scalar product or dot product of two vectors, properties of scalar product, examples of scalar work done, and the vector product energy of two vectors, properties of vector product of two vectors, examples of vector product of two vectors - torque, angular velocity and angular momentum.

III. Kinematics: Introduction: Motion in a straight line - displacement, speed and velocity, uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs, the equations of uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment), acceleration due to gravity, the equations of motion of a body in free fall, the equations of motion of an object projected vertically upwards from the ground, maximum height (H), rise time, fall time, the speed of the falling body from the point of projection, vertical projection of an object from a tower, Projectiles - oblique projection from the soil, equation of the path, the maximum height, rise time, time of flight, horizontal range, two projection angles for the same range, the rate of discharging at any time, the horizontal projection of the top of a tower, the equation of the path, the time descent, scope, the speed of the projectile (at every instant).

IV. Dynamics: Introduction-Newton's laws of motion, applications of Newton's laws. Objects suspended by strings, Atwood machine, blocks placed in contact with each other on a horizontal surface without friction, the apparent weight in a lift, Impulse, law of conservation of momentum, conservation of momentum during the collision, work, power, energy, KE & PE definition and derivation for both, Relation between KE and Linear momentum, conservative forces and non-conservative, energy work theorem, the law of conservation energy in the event of falling body and the body of the vertical projection.

V. COLLISIONS: Introduction - Elastic and inelastic collisions, Collisions in one dimension (Elastic collision only), body at rest, bodies moving in the same direction and opposite directions, Co-efficient of restitution, definition, equation for height attained for freely falling body after number of rebounds on the ground.

VI. CENTRE OF MASS (CM): Introduction-Centre of mass, the difference between the center of the center of mass and center of gravity, the coordinates of the center of mass, center of mass of the particle along a line, mass particle system in a plane, the center of mass of the system of particles in the space, movement of the center of mass characteristics (speed and acceleration CM) of the mass center, the laws of motion of the center of mass, the velocity and acceleration, an explosion.

VII. FRICTION: Introduction - cause of friction, advantages of friction, disadvantages of friction, methods of reducing friction, types of friction, static friction, kinetic (or) dynamic friction, rolling friction, Distinction between static friction and dynamics. Normal reaction, laws of friction, static friction, kinetic

friction or dynamic friction, rolling friction, the friction angle, the body motion in a horizontal plane coarse body motion on an inclined plane, resting on the body-plane angle of rest when the body is ready to slide when the body is slidable downwardly. Movement of a body on an inclined smooth and rough, the sliding down of the aircraft, the slide body up the plane, pushing and pulling of a roll of turf. A roll of turf on a horizontal surface by a force derived inclined, a roller on a horizontal surface pushed by a force inclined.

VIII. ROTARY MOTION: Introduction, uniform circular motion, the concept of angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration, relation between linear velocity and angular velocity, centripetal acceleration and force, torque, torque (concepts, units, formulas dimensions and examples)

Vector representation of torque, Moment of Inertia (MI), the definition of units, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. MI expressions of a thin rod, uniform disk, rectangular plate, solid spheres, hollow, circular ring and the cylinder (not need derivations), angular momentum, the relationship between

angular momentum and torque, law of conservation of angular momentum with examples of motion in a vertical circle.

IX. GRAVITY: Introduction-Basic forces of nature, the nature of gravity, the law of universal gravitation, Relation between Universal gravitational constant (G) and acceleration due to gravity (g), the variation of g with altitude, depth, latitude and shape of the earth, characteristics of gravitational force, limitations of Newton's third law, gravitational field, field strength, properties of gravitational fields, Origin black holes, Chandrashekar limit, neutron star, Frames of reference, Inertial and non-inertial frames, the inertial mass and gravitational relationship between them, the principle of equivalence, Escape and Orbital velocities, definition, derivation of expressions and relations between them, Geostationary satellites and their uses.

X. simple harmonic motion (SHM): Introduction-simple harmonic motion examples, SHM explanation by reference circle, expression for displacement, amplitude, velocity, acceleration, duration, frequency, phase, initial phase (epoch) - expression simple pendulum period for spring, expression for the period, force constant, PE and KE of simple harmonic oscillator, the total energy of the simple harmonic oscillator, the law of conservation of energy in the case of a simple pendulum.

XI. ELASTICITY: Introduction-Elasticity and plasticity, stress, strain, Hook's law, elastic moduli, Poisson's ratio, definition and its limit, the behavior of a wire under gradually increasing load elastic fatigue, energy deformation - experimental determination of Young's modulus of the wire.

XII. SURFACE TENSION: Introduction - surface tension, definition - for example, molecular theory of surface tension. Surface energy, contact angle, capillary-examples in daily life, Determination of surface tension by capillary rise method - theory and experiment. Effect of temperature on the surface

voltage, excessive pressure drops in the form of liquid and bubbles.

XIII-fluid mechanics: Introduction - Principle of buoyancy pressure in a fluid - Streamline flow - Bernoulli's theorem - equation with derivation - applications-aerodynamic lift, motion of a spinning ball, Illustrations of Bernoulli's theorem. Viscosity - explanation coefficient of viscosity, effect of temperature on viscosity, Poiseuille equation, the motion of objects in fluid. Stokes' formula, net force on the terminal velocity object.

XIV. TEMPERATURE AND thermal expansion materials: Introduction-concept of temperature, Measurement of temperature, Fahrenheit, Celsius temperature scales, their relation (only formulas) - Different types of thermometers (brief theoretical description). Expansion of solids:

Introduction-vibration of the atoms in a solid, PE curve, anharmonicity of vibrations, explanation for expansion in solids. The coefficients of linear expansion and cubic surface, definitions, expressions and relationship between these coefficients of expansions, change of density with temperature, examples of everyday life. Expansion of liquids: Introduction coefficients of real and apparent expansion of liquids, relation between them with derivation, Determination of coefficient of apparent expansion of liquid by specific bottle gravimetric method, the abnormal expansion of water, its importance in nature. The expansion of

gas: Introduction - volume and pressure coefficients of gases, the relationship between them and the bypass. A method of determining the volume coefficient Regnault. Determination of coefficient of Jolly-bulb pressure method. Kelvin scale of temperature, Boyle's and Charle's laws. Ideal gas equation,

bypass, the importance of the universal gas constant.

XV. Thermodynamics: Introduction - Quasi static and cyclic process, reversible and irreversible processes, heat and temperature, law of thermodynamics zeroth, definition of calorie, Joule's law and mechanical equivalent of heat, internal energy, first law of thermodynamics, equation and explanation. Heat capacity, specific heat, the experimental determination of the specific heat by the method of mixtures. A gas specific heat (Cp and Cv), the external work done by a gas during its expansion. Relation between Cp and Cv derivation, Isothermal and adiabatic processes. Relationship between P, V and T in these processes. Expression for the work done in the isothermal process (no derivation), expression of the work done in adiabatic process (no derivation). Engines and refrigerators (only qualitative treatment). Three phases of matter, Triple point - the triple point of water. Latent heat, Determination of latent heat of vaporization of water, Second law of thermodynamics - different states.

XVI. TRANSMISSION OF HEAT: Introduction - conduction of heat, coefficient of thermal conductivity, convection convection type, nature and properties of thermal radiation, Prevost's theory of heat exchange - emission power and the power of absorption - the black body radiation, Kirchoff's law and its applications - Stefan's law - Newton's law of cooling.

XVII. WAVE MOTION: The longitudinal and transverse waves, equation of a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Formation of waves on a stretched string, laws of vibrating strings, experimental verification by Sound Level Meter, Sound: Characteristics of sound, speed of sound in solids, liquids and gases (formula should be given), vibration forced vibration free, Resonance with examples, standing waves in organ pipes open pipes, closed pipes, fundamental frequency, harmonics, harmonics, definition and explanation, Beats definition and its importance.

Doppler effect, the translation, with respect to the derivation of the apparent frequency of a note of the sound emitted by a source for the case one source) moves, b) moves listener, c) both the source and listener are moving. Applications and limitations of Doppler-Echoes, Absorption of sound waves, reverberation - reverberation time, Fundamentals of Acoustics construction - Statement of Sabine's Law.

XVIII. OPTICAL nature of light, the corpuscular theory of Newton, Huygens Wave Theory-Electromagnetic spectrum. Huygens Explanation of Reflection and refraction of plane waves on a flat surface. By refraction of the prism, obtaining the index of refraction of the prism material of minimum deviation,

critical angle, total internal reflection, relationship between the critical angle and the refractive index, the use of total internal reflection optical fiber.

Defects in images: spherical and chromatic aberrations and reducing these defects, different methods (qualitative). Optical instruments: microscopes, telescopes, Formula for magnification of the microscope, astronomical and terrestrial telescopes. Construction of Ramsden and Huygens

eye with ray diagrams. Scattering of light, dispersive power, pure and impure spectra, condition for obtaining pure spectrum, different types of spectra-Emission spectra, Line, Band and continuous spectra, absorption spectra, Fraunhofer lines and their significance .

XIX. Physical Optics: Interference - condition for interference, experience Young double slit - Calculation of intensity and fringe width - Uses of interference, diffraction: Fresnel diffraction and Fraunhofer (qualitative only). Polarisation: Concepts of polarization. Polarization of light by

Refraction reflection, refraction and double (Polaroids).

XX. MAGNETISM: Coulomb inverse square law, Definition of magnetic field, the magnetic lines of force and non-uniform - uniform magnetic fields.

Torque acting on a magnetic bar placed in a uniform magnetic field, the magnetic moment of definition of the magnet. The magnetic induction due to a magnet on axial and equatorial lines. The superposition of the magnetic fields, Tangent Law, magnetometer deflection. Comparison of magnetic moments in Tan A, Tan B positions by equal distance method and Null Method, Verification of inverse square law. Vibration Magnetometer-Principle and description, the experimental determination of M and BH (horizontal component of the Earth) using vibration magnetometer. Types of magnetic materials - Para Dia, and

Ferro magnetism - Definition and properties.

XXI. ELECTRICITY: Charges - conservation of charge and additive property of charges. Coulomb's law: the vacuum permittivity and the permittivity of medium force between two point charges. Force due to multiple charges - Principle of superposition with examples. Electric field, electric lines of force, their properties, defining the electric field strength, the electrical current due to the unit load and because of multiple loads. Electrostatic potential, definition of the electrostatic potential in a field-electric potential due to single charge and multiple charges, Electrostatic potential energy relationship between the intensity of electric potential and electrostatic. Electric flux and Gauss's law: Electric Flux Definition, Gauss Law-Statement of Gauss Law, Application of Gauss's Law to find electric intensity and electrostatic potential due to continuous charge distribution of Infinite Long wire, flat sheet and infinite spherical shell. Capacity definition of the electrical capacitance of a conductor capacitance, dielectric constant, Definition of Condenser, its uses, condenser parallel plate formula capacity parallel plate capacitor, dielectric, Dielectric Strength, Effect of dielectric on the the capacitor. Capacitors in series and parallel: Derivation of the equivalent capacitance for the above cases. The energy stored in a capacitor, Effect of dielectric on Energy of Condenser, Types of capacitors, their uses.

XXII. CURRENT ELECTRICITY: Electric current - Flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, Relation between electric current and drift velocity. Ohm's Law: Statement, elements and non-ohmic resistances with examples, Conductance, Specific resistance, variation of esistivity with temperature variation of resistance with temperature thermistor. EMF of Cell - Internal resistance and back EMF, Difference between EMF of a cell and potential difference. The electric power supply, definition of kWh. Kirchhoff's laws: Statement of Kirchhoff's voltage law, Kirchhoff's current law, their application to Wheatstone bridge, condition for balancing, Meter bridge, Determination of resistance of a conductor using bridge meters. Principle for determining the resistance of the potentiometer and internal EMF of a cell using potentiometer. Series and parallel combination of cells - Calculation of equivalent EMF for the above cases.

XXIII. Thermoelectricity: Introduction-Seebeck effect, Peltier and Thomson effects and their coefficients. Change Themo EMC with temperature, neutral temperature and inversion. Applications thermocouple.

XXIV. ELECTROMAGNETICS: Oersted Experiment, Biot - Savart law, Ampere's law, magnetic field near a long straight wire and magnetic field at the center of a circular coil carrying current (with derivations). Field on the axis of circular coil of current-carrying (speech only). Tangent galvanometer (TG), Principle and operation, definition of the reduction factor. Force on the moving charge in a field, magnetic force on a current conductor placed in a field, magnetic force between two long straight parallel onductors carrying current, Definition of Ampere, Fleming rule left hand, as a current loop dipole magnetic force and torque on the current loop in a uniform magnetic field, the magnetic dipole moment of an electron rotating. Principle, construction and operation of moving coil galvanometer (MCG), Converting MCG into ammeter and voltmeter, comparison of MCG with TG.

Electromagnetic induction, magnetic flux, EMF induced laws of Faraday and Lenz. Fleming's right hand rule, self-inductance, mutual inductance, the transformer principle. Increase and decrease of current in circuit with LR DC source, increase and decrease the load RC circuit connected to the current source, the equations for a load on the condenser - in the inductor current, time constant of definition and meaning. Alternating current (AC), Introduction - Instantaneous value, maximum and RMS AC current, AC voltage applied to a pure resistance, pure inductance, pure capacitor, AC through CR, LR and LCR series circuits.

XXV. Atomic Physics: Discovery of electron, e / m of electron by Thomson's method, the electron charge by the method of Millikan Oil Drop (Principle only). Photo Electric Effect: Definition, Laws of photoelectric emission, Einstein's explanation of the photoelectric effect, Einstein photoelectric equation

and its experimental verification by the method of Milikan. Photo cells, and work practices. X-ray-production of X-Rays, Coolidge tube, X-ray spectrum, Continuous X-Ray Spectra, characteristic X - Ray Spectra, Moseley's law and its importance. Compton effect (Statement only), Dual nature of matter, de Broglie's hypothesis (concept only).

XXVI. NUCLEAR PHYSICS: Composition and size of nucleus, mass defect and binding energy and their relation (Explanation with examples). Natural radioactivity - the alpha, beta and gamma and their properties, radioactive decay law, half life and average life of a radioactive substance, nuclear forces - their properties, artificial transmutation of elements, the discovery neutrons, radioisotopes and their uses. Nuclear fission chain reaction, and working principle of a nuclear reactor, Nuclear Radiation Hazards, Protective shielding, Types of reactors - Breeder Reactor, Power Reactor and their uses. Nuclear fusion, the energy of the sun and stars, Carbon - Nitrogen cycle and proton - proton cycle, Elementary particles.

XXVI. Semiconductor devices: Introduction, intrinsic and extrinsic drivers (semi-n and p). Characteristics junction diode, pn junction ozone layer and barrier potential, through forward and backward, and current-voltage pn junction diode diodes according to the half-wave and full-wave rectifier (only qualitative treatment ) Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Function transistor emitter, base and collector, pnp and npn transistors, transistors bias current-voltage characteristics of the transistor in CE configuration, Transistor as common emitter amplifier (qualitative treatment), Logic

-OR gates, AND, NOT, NOR, NAND

XXVII. COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS: Elements of communication systems (diagram only), Bandwidth of signals (speech, TV and digital data) bandwidth of the transmission medium. Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation, Modulation, Need for

modulation.

EAMCET 2013 Syllabus for Chemistry:

I. ATOMIC STRUCTURE: Characteristics of electron, proton and neutron. Rutherford model of the atom. The nature of electromagnetic radiation. Planck's quantum theory. Explanation of the photoelectric effect. Double behavior of electromagnetic radiation. Characteristics of atomic spectra - Emission spectra and absorption. Specifications hydrogen spectrum. Bohr's theory of the structure of atoms - Postulates. Bohr theory of the hydrogen atom, the energy of the electron. Bohr explained the spectral lines. Failure of the Bohr theory. Wave-particle electronic nature. De Broglie hypothesis, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle. The main features of the quantum mechanical model of an atom - Meaning and significance of wave function. Quantum numbers, concept of orbitals, definition of atomic orbital in terms of quantum numbers - the forms of art, p and d orbitals, Aufbau principle, the Pauli exclusion principle and Hund's rule of maximum multiplicity. Electronic configuration of atoms. Explanation of the stability of the orbital filled and half filled completely.

II. CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS AND FREQUENCY OF PROPERTIES: Concept of grouping elements according to their properties - Periodic Table of Mendeleef. Periodic law - Classification Mendeleef elements. Meaning of atomic number and electronic configuration as the basis for periodic classification. Classification of elements s, p, d, f blocks and their main characteristics. Periodic trends in physical and chemical properties of elements: Atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, ionization energy, the energy gain of electrons, electronegativity and Valency. Variation of oxidation states, electropositivity - nature metallic and non metallic nature of oxides, Diagonal relationship. Variation in atomic radii inner transition elements.

III. The chemical bond and the molecular structure: Kossel-Lewis approach of the chemical bond. Factors favorable for the formation of ionic bond changes the energy of formation of an ionic bond. Lattice energy - calculation of lattice energy - Born - Haber cycle. Crystal structure of the sodium chloride and cesium chloride, the coordination number. Properties of ionic compounds. Covalent bond - VSEPR theory - Lewis representation of covalent compounds, Formal charge, geometry of simple molecules. The valence bond approach for the formation of covalent bonds. Directional properties of covalent bond. Covalent binding properties. Hybridization - different types of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals. Forms of simple covalent molecules. Coordinate covalent bond definition with examples. The molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules. Symmetry and energy of sigma and pi bonding and antibonding molecular orbitals. Molecular orbital energy diagram of H2, N2 and O2. Concept of hydrogen bonding and types of examples. Effect of hydrogen bonding properties of the compounds.

IV. STOICHIOMETRY: Laws of chemical combination - Principles and examples. Molar mass, concept of equivalent weight with examples. Percentage composition of compounds and empirical formulas for calculating and molecular compounds. Chemical reactions and stoichiometric equations. Oxidation number concept. Balancing redox reactions by ion electron method and oxidation method. Types of redox reactions. Applications of redox reactions in titrimetric quantitative analysis. Redox reactions and processes of the electrode.

V. STATES OF MATTER: gases and liquids: Graham's law of diffusion, Dalton's law of partial pressures, Avogadro's law. Ideal behavior, the derivation of the empirical equation of gases, ideal gas equation. The kinetic molecular theory of gases. Kinetic gas equation (No derivation) - deduction of gas laws.

Distribution of molecular velocities and types of molecular velocities - Average, Root Mean Square and the most probable speed. Behavior of real gases, deviation from ideal behavior, compressibility factor with respect to pressure diagrams of real gases. Conditions for the liquefaction of gases, critical temperature. Liquid - Properties of liquids in terms of intermolecular attractions. Vapor pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea, no mathematical derivation)

VI. SOLUTIONS: Classification of solutions, molarity, normality, molality and mole fraction. Dilute solutions, vapor pressure, Raoult's law, Limitations of Raoult's law. Colligative properties - (i) relative lowering of vapor pressure (ii) Elevation of BP (iii) Depression in freezing point and their relationship with

molar mass. Osmosis and osmotic pressure - theory of dilute solutions. Determination of molar mass using colligative properties: Ostwald's dynamic method, Cottrell's method, Rast method and Berkeley Hartley's method. Abnormal molecular weight.

VII. ELECTRO CHEMISTRY: Conductance in electrolytic solutions. Specific conductance and molar equivalent - the variation of conductance with concentration, Kohlrausch law and its application to calculation of equivalent conductance of weak electrolytes. Electrolytes and non-electrolytes, oxidation-reduction reactions. Electrolysis. Some typical examples of knowledge electrolysis, sodium hydroxide, sodium chloride Fused Fused brine solution, magnesium chloride melts. Faraday laws of electrolysis and applications. Galvanic cells and photovoltaics. Representation and notation of electrochemical cells with and without salt bridge. Standard hydrogen electrode, electrode potentials, electrochemical series. EMF of the cell, the Nernst equation and its application to calculate the EMF of electrochemical cells. Primary cells - dry cell / cell Lechlanche. Secondary cells - Fuel cells: Hydrogen - Oxygen fuel cell and Hydrocarbon - Oxygen fuel cell. Corrosion: mechanism, factors to promote corrosion and prevention of corrosion, passivity. Lead accumulator.

VIII. SOLID STATE: Classification of solids based on different molecular bonding forces, such as solid ionic, covalent and metallic. Primary treatment of metallic bond. Metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids. Elementary cell two-dimensional and three-dimensional lattice. September crystal systems, Bravais lattices. Bragg's equation, the X-ray study of the crystal structure, method of Bragg. Density calculation unit cell, packing solids, voids, number of atoms per cubic lattice. Point defects - Schottky defects and Frenkel. Electrical and magnetic properties.

IX. CHEMICAL KINETICS: Concepts of reaction rate, factors affecting reaction rates. Rate law, rate constant units. Order and molecularity. Methods for determining the order of reaction. Integrated rate equations and half-lives of the collision theory to zero and the initial reaction rate of reaction (basics). Concept of activation energy. The balance: balance in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant. Factors affecting balance. Relationship between Kp and Kc Le Chatelier's principle, application to industrial synthesis of (i) Sulphur trioxide Ammonia (ii). Acids and bases: Bronsted-Lowry acid-base theory. Lewis theory, limitation of Lewis theory, Ionic equilibrium. Ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization. Ionic product of water. Concept of pH. Hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), hydrolysis constant, buffer solutions.Solubility product and common ion effect with illustrative examples.

X. THERMODYNAMICS: Concept of system, types of systems, the environment, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics - internal energy and enthalpy. The thermal capacity and specific heat, the exothermic and endothermic reactions, measuring

AE and AH enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, neutralization, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization and dilution.

Thermochemical equations. Hess law of constant heat summation. Driving force for a spontaneous process. Thermodynamic representation of criteria of spontaneity in terms of entropy, entropy as a state function. Gibbs free energy, the change in Gibbs free energy of spontaneous, non-spontaneous processes and balance.

XI. SURFACE CHEMISTRY: Adsorption: Physical and chemical adsorption, adsorption of gases on solids, factors affecting it - pressure (Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms) and temperature. Catalysis - types of catalysis, autocatalysis Colloidal state: colloidal solutions, classification of colloidal solutions, protective colloids and Gold number, Properties of colloids - Tyndall effect, Brownian motion. Coagulation. Emulsions, classification of emulsions, micelles, cleansing action of soap.

XII. HYDROGEN AND ITS COMPOUNDS: Position of hydrogen in the periodic table. Occurrence hydrogen isotopes. Hydrogen - Preparation, properties and uses, including as a fuel. Reactions of hydrogen leading to ionic, molecular and non - stoichiometric hydrides. Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water. Water hardness and hydrogen peroxide withdrawal - methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties - oxidation reactions, reduction, decomposition, disproportionation and more. Detection, structure and uses of hydrogen peroxide.

XIII. ALKALI AND ALKALINE EARTH METALS: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group. Diagonal relationship. Combinations of properties such as the enthalpy of ionisation, atomic radius and ionic reactivity with oxygen, hydrogen, halogen and water, the use of alkali metals and alkaline earth metals.Preparation properties and uses of sodium hydroxide, salts of oxygen acids, sodium carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate and sodium chloride. Preparation and use of calcium oxide Calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate. Biological importance of Na, K, Mg and Ca

XIV. p-block elements: Group 13: ELEMENTS (elements of group IIIA): General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence. Variation of properties and oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity. Anomalous properties of first element of the group. Properties of boron physical and chemical uses of boron. Borax, boric acid and boron hydrides. Preparation, structure and properties of diborane. Aluminium: uses, reactions with acids and alkalis. Potash alum.

XV. p-block elements: GROUP 14 ELEMENTS: (group IVA elements): General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence. Variation of properties and oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity. Abnormal behavior of the first member. Carbon - concatenation, allotropic forms, physical and

chemical properties and uses. Similarities between the carbon and silicon, carbon oxides used. Important compounds of Silicon - Silicon dioxide, uses silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites (basics). Manufacture and uses of Producer gas and water gas.

XVI. p-block elements: Group 15 elements (elements of group VA): Presence - physical states of nitrogen and phosphorus allotrope, concatenation, electronic configuration, oxidation states. General characteristics and structure of hydrides. General characteristics of oxides and halides. Oxyacids of phosphorus and nitrogen. Preparation and use of nitric acid and ammonia. Super phosphate of lime.

XVII. p-block elements: GROUP 16 elements (elements of group VIA) events, electronic configuration, oxidation states, physical states of oxygen and sulfur, their structure and allotropy. General characteristics of hydrides, oxides and halides. Structural aspects of oxy acids of chalcogens. Preparation, properties and uses of ozone and sodium thiosulfate. An industrial process for the manufacture of sulfuric acid.

XVIII. P-block elements: GROUP 17 elements (elements of group VIIA): events, electronic configuration and oxidation states. Physical states of halogens. Ionization potential, Electro negativity, Electron affinity, bond energies, chemical reactivity, oxidizing power of fluorine and chlorine. Structural aspects of oxy acids of chlorine. Preparation, properties and uses of fluorine, chlorine and chloride of lime. Structures of Inter halogen compounds.

XIX. GROUP 18 elements: (ZERO GROUP ELEMENTS): General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and isolation. Trends in physical and chemical properties and uses. Xenon structures oxides and halides.

XX. TRANSITION ELEMENTS: General introduction, electronic configuration, the frequency and characteristics of transition metals. General trends in properties of first row transition elements - metallic character, ionization energy, variable oxidation states, atomic and ionic radii, color, catalytic property, magnetic property, interstitial compounds and the formation of alloy. Lanthanides: Electronic configuration, variable oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction. Coordination compounds: Introduction, ligands, coordination number, Werner's theory of coordination compounds, shapes of coordination compounds - valence bond theory, IUPAC nomenclature of mono nuclear coordination, bonding, isomerism, EAN rule, importance of coordination compounds in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems (chromosomal proteins, hemoglobin, chlorophyll: structures only).

XXI. GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF METALLURGY: Principles and methods of extraction - concentration, reduction by chemical and electrolytic and refining. Presence and principles of extraction of copper, zinc, iron and silver. Methods of molten aluminum electrolysis, magnesium and sodium.

XXII. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY: Definition of terms, types of pollution pollution, air, water and soil. Carbon oxides, carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and sulfur, fluorine chlorinated carbons. Chemical reactions in the atmosphere, smog, major atmospheric pollutants, acid rain. On ozone and

reactions, effects of depletion of the ozone layer. Greenhouse effect and global warming. Pollution from industrial wastes. Green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution by two examples.

XXIII. BASIC PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: Introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis of organic compounds. Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Homolytic fission heterolytic and the covalent bond. Types

regents - electrophiles, nucleophiles and free radicals with examples. Reactive intermediates. Types of organic reactions - reactions substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement with examples. Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.

XXIV. HYDROCARBONS: Classification of hydrocarbons. Alkanes - Nomenclature, isomerism. Methods for the preparation of ethane. Conformations of ethane. Physical, chemical reactions, including free radical mechanism halogenating combustion and pyrolysis of ethane. Cycloalkanes: Preparation and properties of cyclohexane. Alkenes - Nomenclature, structure of ethene, geometrical isomerism and physical properties of geometric isomers. Ethylene: Methods for the preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions - addition of hydrogen, halogen ozonolysis, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov addition and the effect of peroxide), and oxidation. Mechanism of electrophilic addition.

XXV. Alkynes and aromatic hydrocarbons: nomenclature, the structure of the triple bond. Acetylene - Methods of preparation, physical properties and chemical reactions: acidic character of acetylene, addition reaction of - hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water. Aromatic hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature; Benzene: resonance and aromaticity, Chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution - Nitration, sulfonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft alkylation and acylation. Directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene. Carcinogenicity and toxicity of aromatic compounds.

XXVI. STEREO CHEMISTRY: Optical activity of discovery, determination using a polarimeter, specific rotation. Asymmetric carbon, elements of symmetry. Chirality - chiral objects, chiral molecules. Compounds containing one chiral center, enantiomers, Fischer projections and configuration.

D, L-and R, S-nomenclature, the racemic forms and the resolution of racemization. Compounds containing two chiral centers, diastereomers, meso form. Importance of stereochemistry.

XXVII.HALOALKANES and haloarenes: haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of CX bond, Preparation, physical and chemical properties of ethyl chloride and chloroform. Mechanism of SN1, SN2 and reactions. Haloarenes: Nature of CX bond, Preparation and reactions of substitution of chlorobenzene (directive influence of halogen for monosubstituted compounds only).

XXVIII. Alcohols, phenols and ethers: Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties of ethyl alcohol. Mechanism of dehydration. Identification of primary alcohols, secondary and tertiary. The use of methanol and ethanol. Phenols: Nomenclature,

methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties of phenol, acidic nature of phenol. Electrophilic substitution reactions and the use of phenols. Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties and uses of diethyl ether.

XXIX. Aldehydes and ketones: Nomenclature and the nature of the carbonyl group. Methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties and

uses acetaldehyde and acetone. Nucleophilic addition mechanism. Aldol aldol and crossed the Cannizzaro reaction.

XXX. CARBOXYLIC: Nomenclature and acidity of carboxylic acids. Methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties and uses of acetic acid.

XXXI. ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN: Nitrobenzene: Preparation, properties and uses. Amines: Nomenclature and classification of amines. Structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties and uses of aniline. Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary. The diazonium salts Preparation, chemical reactions and the importance of the diazonium salts in synthetic organic chemistry. Azo dyes and their uses. Cyanides and isonitriles.

XXXII. And BIOMOLECULES POLYMERS: Classification of polymers. The addition and condensation polymerization. Copolymerization. Natural rubber, vulcanization of rubber, synthetic rubber - Neoprene and Buna-S. The molecular weights of polymers - Number average and weight average molecular

weights (definition only) Biopolymers - Carbohydrates and proteins. The biodegradable polymers and certain polymers commercially important - polyethylene, nylon, polyesters, and Bakelite. Carbohydrates: Significance. The classification in (a) aldoses and ketoses and (b) mono (glucose and fructose), oligo

(Sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen). Determination of the structure and properties of glucose. Constructional features of oligo and polysaccharides mentioned above. Proteins: Elementary idea of amino acids, alpha peptide bond, polypeptides and proteins. Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary protein structures (qualitative idea only). Denaturation of proteins, enzymes. Vitamins: Classification and functions of vitamins in biosystems. Nucleic acids: Types of nucleic acids, the building blocks of nucleic acid-based. The chemical composition of DNA and RNA, the primary structure of DNA and the double helix. Replication. Transcription, protein synthesis and the genetic code. Lipids: Classification, structure and functions of lipids in biosystems. Hormones: Classification, structural features and functions of hormones in biosystems.

XXXIII. CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE: Uses of Chemicals in medicine: Analgesics (i) Narcotics: morphine, codeine. (Ii) non-narcotic aspirin, ibuprofen. Antipyretics: Analgin, phenacetin and paracetamol. Tranquilizers: barbituric acid, Luminal, seconal, valium. Antiseptic Chloroxylenol,

bithional, disinfectants: formalin. Antimicrobial lysozyme, lactic acid, hydrochloric acid in the stomach. Antibiotics: penicillin, chloramphenicol, sulfadiazine. Chemicals in food preservatives: sodium benzoate, potassium metabisulfite. Artificial sweeteners: aspartame, alitame, sucralose.

EAMCET 2013 Syllabus for Mathematics:

1. ALGEBRA: a) Functions - Types of functions - Algebra of real valued functions b) Mathematical induction and applications c) Permutations and Combinations - linear and circular permutations - combinations. d) the binomial theorem - for a positive integer index - for any rational index - applications - Binomial Coefficients. e) partial fractions f) g series exponential and logarithmic) Quadratic expressions, equations and - equations in one variable. h) the theory of equations - Relations between roots and coefficients in an equation - Transformation of equations - reciprocal equations. i) Matrices and determinants - Types of matrices - Algebra of matrices - Properties of determinants - simultaneous linear equations in two and three variables - Consistency and inconsistency of simultaneous equations. j) Complex numbers and their properties - De Moivre's theorem -

Applications - Extensions of trigonometric functions.

2. TRIGONOMETRY: a) Trigonometric functions - Graphs - periodicity b) trigonometric ratios of compound angles, multiple angles and submultiples Transformations - sum and product rules. c) trigonometric d) Inverse trigonometric functions e) Inverse Hyperbolic f) Properties of triangles g) heights and distances (in two-dimensional plane)

III. Vector algebra: an algebra) of vectors - angle between two non-zero vectors - linear combination of vectors - vector equation of line and plane b) the scalar product of two vectors and their applications c) and scalar products vector triple scalar and vector products of four vectors

IV. PROBABILITY: a) randomized experiments - sample space - events - probability of an event - addition and multiplication theorems of probability - conditional probability and conditional event - Baye's theorem b) random variables - mean and variance a random variable - Binomial and Poisson

Distributions.

V. analytic geometry: a Locus), translation of axes, rotation of axes b) Right c) A pair of straight lines) Circles e) System of circles f) Conics - Parabola - Ellipse - Hyperbola - Equations of tangent normal rope contacts and polar any time these conical asymptotes

hyperbole. g) the polar coordinates h) the coordinates in three dimensions, the distance between two points in space, a formula, section centroid of the triangle and tetrahedron. i cosine directors) and management reporting line - angle between two lines j) Cartesian equation of a plane in (i) the form (ii) normal general form and (iii) intercept form - the angle between the two planes k) Sphere - Cartesian equation - Centre and radius

VI. CALCULATION: a) Functions - limits - Continuity b) Differentiation - Methods of differentiation c) successive differentiation - Leibnitz's theorem and its applications) Applications of differentiation e) Partial differentiation including Euler's theorem on homogeneous functions f) Integration - Methods of

integration g) Definite integrals and their applications to areas - reduction formulas h) Numerical integration - Trapezoidal and Simpson rules differential equations - order and degree - Formation of differential equations - Solution of the differential equation with separable variables method of differential equations and linear homogeneous first order and first degree.

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## Thursday, 4 April 2013

### EAMCET 2013 Syllabus.

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